Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market By Product Type, By Product Application, By Region, Global Industry Analysis, Market Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2021 To 2029

Published : Q1 2021 | Pages : 200+

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Description

Key Companies

Dufry
Lagardere Travel Retail Group
Lotte Duty Free
Gebr. Heinemann
The Shilla Duty Free
Flemingo International Ltd
James Richardson
Aer Rianta International
King Power International Group
Dubai Duty Free
Duty Free Americas
China Duty Free Group

Segmentation Covered

By Type
Personal Care
Tobacco
Wines

By Application
Airports
Stations
Ferries

By Region

Asia-Pacific: China, Southeast Asia, India, Japan, Korea, Oceania
Europe : Germany, UK, France, Italy, Russia, Spain, Netherlands, Turkey, Switzerland
North America : United States, Canada, Mexico
Middle East & Africa : GCC, North Africa, South Africa
South America : Brazil, Argentina, Columbia, Chile, Peru

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter 1 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Overview

1.1 Introduction
1.2 Taxonomy
1.2.1 By Product Type & End User
1.2.2 By Region
1.3 Drivers for Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market
1.4 Restraints for Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market
1.5 Opportunities for Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market
1.6 Trends for Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market
1.7 COVID-19 Impact Assessment on Duty-Free and Travel Retail Industry
1.8 Macro-economic Factors
1.9 Regulatory Framework
1.10 Pricing Analysis by Region, 2020
1.11 Opportunity Map Analysis
1.12 Opportunity Orbits
1.13 Market Investment Feasibility Index
1.14 PEST Analysis
1.15 PORTERS Five Force Analysis
1.16 Go to Market Strategy
1.17 Value Chain Analysis
1.18 Cost Structure Analysis
1.19 Regional Market Share and BPS Analysis

Chapter 2 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Overview

2.1 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by Product Type
2.1.1 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2013-2029)
2.1.2 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by Product Type in 2019
2.1.3 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by Product Type, (2013-2020)
2.2 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by End User
2.2.1 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2013-2029)
2.2.2 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by End User in 2019
2.2.3 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by End User, (2013-2020)
2.3 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by Region
2.3.1 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2013-2029)
2.3.2 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by Region in 2019
2.3.3 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by Region, (2013-2020)
2.4 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Outlook (2013-2029)
2.4.1 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) (2013-2020)
2.4.2 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) (2021-2029)
2.5 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by Regions
2.5.1 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2013-2020)
2.5.2 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2021-2029)
2.6 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by Product Type
2.6.1 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2013-2020)
2.6.2 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2021-2029)
2.7 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by End User
2.7.1 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2013-2020)
2.7.2 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2021-2029)
2.8 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate Comparison (2014-2029)
2.8.1 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by Region
2.8.2 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by Product Type
2.8.3 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by End User
2.9 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share Comparison (2013-2029)
2.9.1 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by Region
2.9.2 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by Product Type
2.9.3 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by End User

Chapter 3 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Overview

3.1 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by Product Type
3.1.1 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2013-2029)
3.1.2 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by Product Type in 2019
3.1.3 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by Product Type, (2013-2020)
3.2 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by End User
3.2.1 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2013-2029)
3.2.2 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by End User in 2019
3.2.3 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by End User, (2013-2020)
3.3 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by Region
3.3.1 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2013-2029)
3.3.2 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by Region in 2019
3.3.3 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by Region, (2013-2020)
3.4 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Outlook (2013-2029)
3.4.1 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) (2013-2020)
3.4.2 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) (2021-2029)
3.5 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by Regions
3.5.1 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2013-2020)
3.5.2 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2021-2029)
3.6 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by Product Type
3.6.1 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2013-2020)
3.6.2 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2021-2029)
3.7 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by End User
3.7.1 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2013-2020)
3.7.2 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2021-2029)
3.8 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate Comparison (2014-2029)
3.8.1 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by Region
3.8.2 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by Product Type
3.8.3 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by End User
3.9 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share Comparison (2013-2029)
3.9.1 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by Region
3.9.2 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by Product Type
3.9.3 North America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by End User

Chapter 4 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Overview

4.1 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by Product Type
4.1.1 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2013-2029)
4.1.2 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by Product Type in 2019
4.1.3 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by Product Type, (2013-2020)
4.2 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by End User
4.2.1 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2013-2029)
4.2.2 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by End User in 2019
4.2.3 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by End User, (2013-2020)
4.3 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by Region
4.3.1 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2013-2029)
4.3.2 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by Region in 2019
4.3.3 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by Region, (2013-2020)
4.4 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Outlook (2013-2029)
4.4.1 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) (2013-2020)
4.4.2 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) (2021-2029)
4.5 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by Regions
4.5.1 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2013-2020)
4.5.2 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2021-2029)
4.6 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by Product Type
4.6.1 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2013-2020)
4.6.2 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2021-2029)
4.7 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by End User
4.7.1 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2013-2020)
4.7.2 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2021-2029)
4.8 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate Comparison (2014-2029)
4.8.1 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by Region
4.8.2 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by Product Type
4.8.3 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by End User
4.9 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share Comparison (2013-2029)
4.9.1 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by Region
4.9.2 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by Product Type
4.9.3 Europe Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by End User

Chapter 5 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Overview

5.1 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by Product Type
5.1.1 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2013-2029)
5.1.2 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by Product Type in 2019
5.1.3 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by Product Type, (2013-2020)
5.2 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by End User
5.2.1 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2013-2029)
5.2.2 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by End User in 2019
5.2.3 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by End User, (2013-2020)
5.3 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by Region
5.3.1 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2013-2029)
5.3.2 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by Region in 2019
5.3.3 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by Region, (2013-2020)
5.4 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Outlook (2013-2029)
5.4.1 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) (2013-2020)
5.4.2 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) (2021-2029)
5.5 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by Regions
5.5.1 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2013-2020)
5.5.2 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2021-2029)
5.6 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by Product Type
5.6.1 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2013-2020)
5.6.2 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2021-2029)
5.7 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by End User
5.7.1 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2013-2020)
5.7.2 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2021-2029)
5.8 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate Comparison (2014-2029)
5.8.1 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by Region
5.8.2 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by Product Type
5.8.3 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by End User
5.9 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share Comparison (2013-2029)
5.9.1 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by Region
5.9.2 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by Product Type
5.9.3 Asia Pacific Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by End User

Chapter 6 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Overview

6.1 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by Product Type
6.1.1 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2013-2029)
6.1.2 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by Product Type in 2019
6.1.3 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by Product Type, (2013-2020)
6.2 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by End User
6.2.1 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2013-2029)
6.2.2 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by End User in 2019
6.2.3 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by End User, (2013-2020)
6.3 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by Region
6.3.1 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2013-2029)
6.3.2 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by Region in 2019
6.3.3 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by Region, (2013-2020)
6.4 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Outlook (2013-2029)
6.4.1 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) (2013-2020)
6.4.2 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) (2021-2029)
6.5 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by Regions
6.5.1 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2013-2020)
6.5.2 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2021-2029)
6.6 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by Product Type
6.6.1 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2013-2020)
6.6.2 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2021-2029)
6.7 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by End User
6.7.1 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2013-2020)
6.7.2 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2021-2029)
6.8 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate Comparison (2014-2029)
6.8.1 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by Region
6.8.2 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by Product Type
6.8.3 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by End User
6.9 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share Comparison 2013-2029
6.9.1 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by Region
6.9.2 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by Product Type
6.9.3 South America Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by End User

Chapter 7 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Overview

7.1 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by Product Type
7.1.1 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2013-2029)
7.1.2 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by Product Type in 2019
7.1.3 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by Product Type, (2013-2020)
7.2 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by End User
7.2.1 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2013-2029)
7.2.2 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by End User in 2019
7.2.3 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by End User, (2013-2020)
7.3 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market by Region
7.3.1 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2013-2029)
7.3.2 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Market Share by Region in 2019
7.3.3 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Attractiveness Analysis by Region, (2013-2020)
7.4 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Outlook (2013-2029)
7.4.1 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) (2013-2020)
7.4.2 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) (2021-2029)
7.5 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by Regions
7.5.1 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2013-2020)
7.5.2 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Region (2021-2029)
7.6 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by Product Type
7.6.1 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2013-2020)
7.6.2 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by Product Type (2021-2029)
7.7 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) by End User
7.7.1 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2013-2020)
7.7.2 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Units) Comparison by End User (2021-2029)
7.8 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate Comparison (2014-2029)
7.8.1 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by Region
7.8.2 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by Product Type
7.8.3 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Y-o-Y Growth Rate by End User
7.9 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share Comparison (2013-2029)
7.9.1 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by Region
7.9.2 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by Product Type
7.9.3 MEA Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Share by End User

Chapter 8 Global Duty-Free and Travel Retail Market Company Profiles

8.1 Market Competition Scenario Analysis, By Company
8.2 Competitor Landscape
8.3 Company Share Analysis
8.4 Company Profiles
8.4.1 Company
8.4.1.1 Company Overview
8.4.1.2 Business Description
8.4.1.3 Product Portfolio
8.4.1.4 Key Financials
8.4.1.5 Key Developments
8.4.1.6 SWOT Analysis

Companies Included:
Dufry
Lagardere Travel Retail Group
Lotte Duty Free
Gebr. Heinemann
The Shilla Duty Free
Flemingo International Ltd
James Richardson
Aer Rianta International
King Power International Group
Dubai Duty Free
Duty Free Americas
China Duty Free Group

Chapter 9 Methodology and Data Source

9.1 Research Approach/ Methodology
9.2 Market Size Estimation
9.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation
9.4 Data Source
9.4.1 Secondary Sources
9.4.2 Primary Sources

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